R.M.O. Silva, A.A. Boligon, A.R. Fernandes, A.E. Vercesi Filho, L. El Faro, H. Tonhati, L.G. Albuquerque, A.B. Fraga
The objective of the present study was to estimate genetic parameters for stayability at 60 months of age (STAY60) and its association with first lactation cumulative milk yield (P305), age at first calving (AFC), and first calving interval (FCI), in order to adopt these traits as selection criteria for longevity in Gir dairy cattle. Records for 2770 cows born between 1982 and 2008 from six herds in the Brazilian states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Paraíba were analyzed. The (co)variance components were estimated by a Bayesian approach using bivariate animal models. The heritability estimates were 0.37 ± 0.09, 0.23 ± 0.04, 0.26 ± 0.06, and 0.07 ± 0.03 for STAY60, P305, AFC, and FCI, respectively. The genetic correlations of STAY60 with P305, AFC, and FCI were moderate to high, with values of 0.61 (0.17), -0.44 (0.23), and 0.88 (0.13), respectively. STAY60, P305, and AFC exhibited additive genetic variability, and these traits should be considered in selection indices. The indirect selection for longevity through the correlated responses of early-expression traits, such
as milk production at first lactation, could be used to improve the ability of animals to remain in the herd.
Key words: Age at first calving; Genetic parameter; Longevity; First calving interval
Fonte: Genetics and Molecular Research, v.15, n.1, gmr.15016958, 2016.
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